免费下载
网站简介

找论文变得更简单!

帮找论文

当前位置:

重点论文网    文科论文    英语论文    夏洛蒂·勃朗特女权主义的局限性在《简爱》中的体现
创建时间:12-06

夏洛蒂·勃朗特女权主义的局限性在《简爱》中的体现

 

Contents

Abstract (in Chinese) ………………………………………………………………………….i
Abstract (in English) ...……………………………… ………….……….……...…ⅱ                 
Introduction  .……………………………………………………………...………..1
Ⅰ. What Is Feminism...……...………………...……...……...……...…..……...…3 
Ⅱ. The Character of Jane ..…………………...…………………………...………...6
  A. Self-esteem and Inferiority Complex………………….………………..……….6
   1. Self-esteem,Rebellious Jane……………….…………………………………6
   2. Self-contemptuous Jane……  ……………………..……… ……… ………7
B. Resistance and Compromise…………………………………...……………. 8
   1. Resistance……. …….. ……… ……………………………………………...8
   2. Compromise………………………………………………………………….9
Ⅲ. The Design of the Story Plot………………………………….………………11
  A. Jane’s Five Important Events………………….………………………………..11
  B. The Ending of This Story………………………………………..…………….12
1. The Limitations of the Thought…. ….. …….……….. ….. …… ……. .. …12
2. The Farfetched Plot… ….. …. …. . . . …………... . …… ….. …. … …… 13
Ⅳ. Charlotte’s Vision of Love.....15
A. Jane’s Return to Family.. ……………………………. . ... .. . . . . . .... . . . . .. ...15
  B. The Vision of Being Matched for Marriage.. ………………... …. ………..…..16
Conclusion…………………………………..………………….……………………19
Bibliography………………………………………………..………………….……21
     
摘 要

《简·爱》是19世纪英国作家夏洛蒂·布朗特的一部代表作,作为代表作《简·爱》突出体现出了其女权主义思想,是英国文学史上的一部经典传世之作,它成功地塑造了一个对爱情、生活、社会以及宗教都采取了独立自主的积极进取态度和敢于反抗,敢于争取自由和平等的女性形象。简爱已作为独立女性的经典,不管是贫穷,还是富有,不管是美貌,还是相貌平庸,都有美好的心灵和充实的心胸,都能以独立的人格和坚强的个性生活。《简·爱》一直被视为女性主义的教科书。是反抗父权制压迫的先例,具有很强的时代进步意义。但是由于夏洛蒂所处的社会背景、家庭成长环境及其生活遭遇都对她的思想产生了决定性的影响。所以夏洛蒂的女权主义思想在《简·爱》中的体现也存在很大的局限性。本文主要从四个方面来进行分析和解读从而看出夏洛蒂-布朗特女权主义思想的局限性在《简·爱》中的体现。第一部分主要阐述女权主义运动的发展进程和在英国的发展。第二部分主要简爱的性格方面来表现夏洛蒂的女权思想的局限性。这一部分主要从两个方面来进行阐述:一个方面是简爱性格的自尊和自卑的矛盾结合;另一个方面是简爱性格中的反抗和妥协。第三部分主要从小说的故事是情节设计方面来表现:分别从夏洛蒂为简爱设计的五大事件和小说最后的结局。第四部分就是夏洛蒂的爱情观在小说中的体现:一方面是简爱的回归家庭;另一方面则是门当户对的爱情观。
关键词:简爱;女权主义思想;局限性


Abstract

Jane Eyre is a 19th century British author Charlotte Brontë’s masterpiece. As a representative, Jane Eyre highlighted many feminist ideas, it is a classic in the history of English literature masterpieces. It has successfully created a female image who has taken an independent attitude and courage to resist the life, society and religion. She dares to fight for freedom and equality. Jane has been an independent representative of women, whether poor or rich, whether beautiful or mediocre, who have a good mind and can have a strong independent personality in life. Jane Eyre has been regarded as a feminist textbook. It is a precedent against patriarchal oppression, has a strong progressive significance. However, Charlotte's social background, family upbringing and life experiences had a decisive influence on her thought. Therefore, feminist ideas in Charlotte’s Jane Eyre also reflected the limitations of Charlotte Brontë’s feminism. This essay intends to explore this issue from the following parts. The first chapter mainly explains what feminism is. The second chapter shows the limitations from the character of Jane. The third chapter according to the design of the story plot to show the limitations and the last chapter mainly reflects Charlotte’s vision of love. 
Key Words: Jane Eyre; feminism; limitations


Introduction 

Charlotte Brontë was born in Yorkshire, England on April 21, 1816 to Maria Branwell and Patrick Brontë. Because Charlotte’s mother died when Charlotte was five years old, Charlotte’s aunt, a devout Methodist, helped her brother-in-law raise his children. In 1824 Charlotte and three of her sisters—Maria, Elizabeth, and Emily—were sent to Cowan Bridge, a school for clergymen’s daughters. When an outbreak of tuberculosis killed Maria and Elizabeth, Charlotte and Emily were brought home. Several years later, Charlotte returned to school, this time in Roe Head, England. She became a teacher at the school in 1835 but decided after several years to become a private governess instead. She was hired to live with and tutor the children of the wealthy Sidgewick family in 1839, but the job was a misery to her and she soon left it. Once Charlotte recognized that her dream of starting her own school was not immediately realizable, however, she returned to working as a governess, this time for a different family. Finding herself equally disappointed with governess work the second time around, Charlotte recruited her sisters to join her in more serious preparation for the establishment of a school.
     Although the Brontës’ school was unsuccessful, their literary projects flourished. At a young age, the children created a fictional world they named Angria, and their many stories, poems, and plays were early predictors of shared writing talent that eventually led Emily, Anne, and Charlotte to careers as novelists. As adults, Charlotte suggested that she, Anne, and Emily collaborate on a book of poems. The three sisters published under male pseudonyms: Charlotte’s was Currer Bell, while Emily and Anne wrote as Ellis and Acton Bell, respectively. When the poetry volume received little public notice, the sisters decided to work on separate novels but retained the same pseudonyms. Anne and Emily produced their masterpieces in 1847, but Charlotte’s first book, The Professor, never found a willing publisher during her lifetime. Charlotte wrote Jane Eyre later that year. The book, a critique of Victorian assumptions about gender and social class, became one of the most successful novels of its era, both critically and commercially.
After the success of Jane Eyre, Charlotte revealed her identity to her publisher and went on to write several other novels, most notably Shirley in 1849. In the years that followed, she became a respected member of London’s literary set. However, the deaths of siblings Emily and Branwell in 1848, and of Anne in 1849, left her feeling dejected and emotionally isolated. In 1854, she wed the Reverend Arthur Nicholls, despite the fact that she did not love him. She died of pneumonia, while pregnant, the following year.

Ⅰ. What Is Feminism

Feminism originated from  France in the nineteenth century, which means the women's movement. French for the definition of feminism is: to promote women's role in society and claim all of their power. That is, women claim the full power of being human; there are many people regard this as a women's movement to end women's subsidiary status in society, which is the challenge for world's original labor distribution. In original society, men can control all areas of work, such as: work, sports, war and government, women have become slave labor in the family and they bear the entire burden of family life. Since people have the concept of feminism, the role of women in society and various rights has greatly changed. 
With the shackles of the European feudal social culture for the spirit of people gradually loosened, the Western feminist movement began to grow. The original intention of the women’s movement is that the natural legal and creator are fair for people, whether male or female. Women in the life are liberty and happiness and they have the same rights as men. Britain is the birthplace of the feminist movement. It is known as the paradise of women. Englishman are advocate of "lady first " and pecking order. Human society into the 19th century, with the development of modern Western industrial civilization, the constraints of feudal society and culture for human spirit were gradually loosening. In this social context, women in the family had requested equal status with men; the feminist movement began to grow. 
January 11, 1914, London outbreak of the famous feminist impact of Buckingham Palace and they petition to King George V , this event marked the feminist movement has entered a period of rapid development. The original of the feminist movement of world is in the western countries. The development of the feminist movement closely followed the progress of human industrial revolution; every industrial revolution has brought the feminist movement leaps and bounds. In the 19th century, the first industrial revolution brought the seeds of the feminist movement, American Woman Suffrage Association was established in 1869. At the time of the second industrial revolution in early 20th century, feminist movement started in the United States and Europe. As a social and cultural phenomenon, the feminist movement was firmly established based on social material, and it also contributed to the social culture, especially the human rights movement.
Industrialization and political democratization are the main melody of British history in the 19th century. During the industrialization, many British women went to society, joined the workforce in the labour market and became independent wage earner. They expanded their sight and built up their sense of independence. In the movement of political democratization, women accepted liberal ideas and took part in party politics, and in Chartist movement and Anti-Corn Laws. They fought independently for suffrage, the equal economic right and social legislative power. Not only did they change the traditional legislation that belittled women to improve their economic and social status, but also advanced greatly the democratization in Britain.
Educated women in their middle class parlors initiated the feminist movement in Britain, its aim being to unswervingly fight for women’s equal right within the province of constitutionalism. These educated females effected breakthroughs first in women’s rights to receive education, the right to guardianship, the right to divorce and the property right, and attained certain rights in local politics. Thus taking the first step in the struggle for equal rights and equal status with the opposite sex and bringing to fruition the change of women from being an appendage to men to an independent woman. All this was an outcome of the struggle of the feminist movement pioneers. It was also an inevitable product of the economic and political democratization in Britain, as well as a result of the English people from their quest for truth from experience and from their rational thinking in a male-supreme society.   
The legendary British women M. Wollstonecraft published a book to shock the world "feminist defense” in 1792. It states that women have the same rational capacity and they should have the same rights with men. In particular, the right to equal education, it is a challenge for public men's authority. Then it provides a source of literature and materials, and Jane Eyre was created in this social context. The Victorian Age was men-centered and men-controlled times. Women were discriminated by men at that time. However, the ahead-of-age female consciousness of Jane Eyre, the main character of Jane Eyre written by Charlotte Bronte challenged men’s authority. In this novel, Charlotte exposed and denounced men’s oppression and discrimination for women. On the other hand, Charlotte created a remarkable Jane Eyre. She is a self-respecting and rebellious girl and she bravely shows her love and chooses her own marriage. Through the portrayal, Charlotte sets a new model for women of Victorian times. Charlotte’s feminism is a representative of Victorian era. However, Charlotte is influenced by many factors like many contemporary writers, her Jane Eyre in the performance of feminism has some limitations.
 

最新论文

网站导航

热门论文